The slightly acidic vaginal environment and natural microflora inhibits the development of pathogens, which are inserted from the outside. The protection against the penetration of further infection of the uterus and the ovary, the mucus in the neck of the womb. In healthy women, the secretion of mucus you is a normal physiological phenomenon. The only changes in the different phases of the menstrual cycle. In some cases, the appearance of the women is a watery discharge is normal. Sometimes, however, they are a serious cause of disease, treatment success depends on timely diagnosis.
The consistency and amount of secretions vary depending on the stage of the cycle. The density of the mucus produced by the glands of the cervix depends on the balance of female hormones, which ensure the production and maturation of oocytes. Immediately after the end of menstruation comes "dry" period. The minimum content of estrogen, the mucous plug is the most dense, the extraction is almost not.
Growth in the level of estrogen and the ripening of the ovum, the discharge becomes more watery, and at the time of ovulation selection of to obtain the consistency of egg whites. The lowest density is observed in a couple of days after ovulation (release of Mature eggs from the protective bubble). Liquid texture medium allows the free passage of sperm towards the egg, and in the later transition in the uterus. In this phase, the estrogen decreases, the main role of progesterone, the function of which is to ensure conditions for the further development of the embryo.
For the best fastening of fertilized egg in the uterus of its epithelial layer swells and becomes friable. In the tissues, increases the amount of fluid. All of this leads to the appearance of the woman transparent liquid discharge from the genital area. At the end of the menstrual cycle the mucus begins to thicken. If pregnancy does not occur, is rejection endometrium (epithelial layer), menstruation occurs, a new cycle begins.
Thus, the appearance of the fluid, such as water, drainage without odour closer to the middle and second half of the cycle is the physiological norm. In this case, the woman does not notice any discomfort.
Fluid, such as water allocation may appear as in the following cases:
In the first trimester of pregnancy the level of progesterone remains high. This also prevents the maturation of new oocytes, and the embryo is held firmly in the uterus. So watery discharge usually does not happen.
12-13 week starts the increase in the concentration of estrogen, which provides the creation of new cells of the embryo and parat woman's body for childbirth (to change the status of the tissue in the cervix, liquefies the mucous plug). The appearance of women have a watery discharge in the 2. and 3. trimester of pregnancy, of course, if they are colorless, odorless, not accompanied by burning sensation, itching.
At the end of pregnancy the fluid, such as water, discharge occur due to the mixing of mucus with the urine. The uterus and fetus press on the bladder, causing it to not close completely.
Threat symptoms in women are:
These signs may indicate the occurrence of inflammation, infection with sexual infections. Creates the risk of miscarriage or complications during childbirth, the probability of infection of the fetus during passage through the birth canal.
In addition: If all of these terrible qualities in women, but the selection of, such as water, are of yellow color and sweet smell, it may indicate leakage of fluid from the amniotic SAC. This condition is dangerous in the middle of pregnancy, may cause premature birth, fetal death. At the end of the pregnancy, the dripping evidence of the onset of labour.
The cause of the watery discharge can be inflammation and infection of the genital tract, the uterus and appendages.
Oophoritis – inflammation of the fallopian tube and the ovary. The result is damage to the engorgement and scarring of the mucous membranes, may cause edema of the tissues. There is narrowing of the lumen of the fallopian tube and a violation of their patency. Hard to catch the eggs and moving them through the tubes into the uterus. Released in areas of inflammation, fluid accumulates in the uterus and comes out in the form of heavy mucous secretions.
If the inflammation is not treated, it becomes chronic, the disposition of the crebrescunt, always green-yellow color from the admixture of pus.
Bacterial vaginosis (gardnerellosis). This disease is associated with reproduction in the vagina of pathogenic bacteria in Gardnerella due to the disruption of the natural microflora. The cause of the violation, the wrong douching, a change of sexual partners (unprotected sex), use of unsuitable contraceptives use of antibiotics.
Inflammation later spreads to the uterus and the appendages. A characteristic symptom of this disease are watery, often yellow discharge with odor of fish.
Note: Gardnerella in moderation in norms that are always present in women. Dysbiosis contributes to their enhanced weapons.
Candidiasis (thrush) - fungal infection of the vagina. Reproduction of fungi present in the microflora due to dysbiosis. This causes vaginitis (inflammation of vagina) or vulvovaginitis (simultaneous failure of the external genitalia). The separation of the women are cheesy, have a sour smell. There is a strong burning sensation, swelling of the genitals, weakness. Become painful and often urination.
Erosion of the cervix. The causes of erosion are various: inflammatory and infectious diseases, injury to the cervix during abortion and childbirth. Mucous secretion of fluid can be impurities of the blood. In the advanced stage they become muco-purulent.
Cervicitis. Inflammation of the cervix, often accompanied by erosion. There is a great risk of infection has been increasing way to the uterus and the appendages.
Cancer of the cervix. Plenty, of fluids, such as water, are due to the fact that in the damaged tissue seeps lymph nodes.
Endometritis - diseases associated with excessive growth of the inner lining of the uterus, with its expansion in pipes and also in the abdominal cavity. This violated the processes associated with the ovaries and hormone production. The watery discharge has streaks of blood, unpleasant smell. Active before menstruation, appear immediately after them.
Sexually transmitted disease (infectious agents transmitted sexually). These include: gonorrhea, chlamydia, trichomoniasis, and others. Selection in the initial phase of profuse, watery, with an unpleasant odor. The consequences of the women have extensive inflammation with severe complications. Should be handled by the sexual partner.